Working Paper


The Politics of Transforming Education in Peru: 2007-2020


Image of Barbara Bruns

Barbara Bruns

Intellectual Leadership Team

Center for Global Development

Image of Ben Ross Schneider

Ben Ross Schneider

Department of Political Science, MIT

Peru is one of a relatively small number of middle-income countries whose education strategy to raise student learning has involved significant reforms of teacher policy sustained over a sufficiently long period (more than 10 years). Global experience shows that core reforms of the teaching career are both politically and technically challenging. The focus of this paper is the content and implementation of reforms to raise teacher quality in Peru in the period 2007-2020 in the hope that other countries facing the same challenges can benefit from this experience. We conclude with some reflections on how education policy and education politics have contributed to the post-pandemic landscape.  


Bruns, B., Schneider, B.R. and Saavedra, J. 2023. The Politics of Transforming Education in Peru: 2007-2020. RISE Working Paper Series. 23/135.