Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford
Universal, early, conceptual and procedural mastery of foundational skills is the first step to success in later years of schooling.
The COVID-19 pandemic and its associated school closures have highlighted the importance of foundational skills. Because children need these foundational skills in order to master more complex skills, missing out on foundational learning will prevent children from successfully learning in later years.
But when we say that children ‘need foundational skills,’ what exactly do we mean?
In fact, children need universal, early, conceptual and procedural mastery of foundational skills.
In this infographic, based on a recent RISE Insight Note, we break down what each part of this phrase means and why each component is necessary:
Or, to summarise:
To delve deeper into how the components of universal, early, conceptual and procedural mastery of foundational skills work together to create a foundation for learning for all children, take a look at a few more RISE resources:
You can also see our list of all RISE research outputs on foundational skills.
RISE blog posts and podcasts reflect the views of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the organisation or our funders.