Working Papers

 Contracting Out Schools at Scale: Evidence from Pakistan
Working Paper

Can governments contract out the management of schools to private operators at scale? This paper estimates the effect of a school reform in Punjab, Pakistan…

The Politics of Transforming Education in Ecuador: Confrontation and Continuity, 2006-17
Working Paper

Recent governments in Ecuador (2007-17) have achieved impressive improvements in education quantity and quality. Enrollments at all levels increased…

By
Ben Ross Schneider
,
Pablo Cevallos Estarellas
,
The Politics of Learning: Directions for Future Research
Working Paper

A theory of change to guide a practical and pragmatic approach to the acceleration in the pace of learning in basic education in the developing world, such…

Working Paper

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for education represent a major departure from the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) - at least if educational…

By ,
Martin Gustafsson
Review of High Stakes Examination Instruments in Primary and Secondary School in Developing Countries
Working Paper

The purpose of this investigation is to gain greater understanding of high-stakes examination instruments (i.e., tests used for progression or certification…

Working Paper

Given its modest position as a lower-middle-income country, Vietnam stands out from the rest of the world with its remarkable performance on standardized…

The Misallocation of Pay and Productivity in the Public Sector: Evidence from the Labor Market for Teachers
Working Paper

This paper uses a unique dataset of both public and private sector primary school teachers and their students to present among the first estimates in a low…

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