In a recent piece, Jim Kim explained that the World Bank’s new Human Capital Index (HCI) will “encourage countries to invest in human capital with a fierce sense of urgency.” Indeed, a key objective of the HCI is to spur more investments in education and health.
As I went from my new home in Oxford to arrive at the Center for Education Economics in London to give a presentation about a new paper on the lack of education progress in Indonesia—in spite of schooling progress—I stumbled over the perfect metaphor.
At what grade are children taught how to do division? Figure 1 below plots the fraction of children in India, Kenya, Pakistan, and Uganda who can divide a larger number by a one-digit number, with possible remainders (e.g., 659/4), at various grade levels. From this graph, you cannot really tell when division is taught.
The new Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) go beyond the commitment to just “completing primary school” of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and target learning outcomes. SDG Target 4.6 is: By 2030, ensure that all youth and a substantial proportion of adults, both men and women, achieve literacy and numeracy.