Vietnam Country Research Team

The Vietnam Country Research Team is a multidisciplinary group composed of nine researchers from institutions worldwide, including Vietnam, the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands. Main operations are at the University of Minnesota, and the Centre for Analysis and Forecasting, a policy-oriented institution member of the Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences. Other participating institutions include Leiden University, University College London, the (UK) Institute for Fiscal Studies, the World Bank, and the University of Oxford. The team members offer expertise in fields that include education, comparative and international development, economics, and political economy. They have extensive experience in conducting research in a developing-country context, broadly, and within Vietnam, in particular.

Principal Investigators

Joan DeJaeghere

Joan DeJaeghere is an Associate Professor of Comparative and International Development Education in the Department of Organizational Leadership, Policy, and Development at the University of Minnesota, where she teaches courses in international development and education; comparative education; and gender, education and development. Her scholarly work and professional practice are concerned with education, development, poverty and inequalities, and particularly gender, socio-economic and ethnic inequalities in education. She has served as the Principal Investigator on multi-year, multi-country studies funded by The MasterCard Foundation and CARE. She has also worked on education projects with UNICEF, USAID, Aga Khan, the World Bank, and the Department of Labor, and conducted research in Vietnam, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Tanzania, Uganda, South Africa, Honduras, and Australia.

She was a Fulbright Scholar in 2013 with the Academy of Policy and Development of the Ministry of Planning and Investment and a Fulbright Specialist in 2014, with Vietnam Institute of Education Sciences under the Ministry of Education and Training. She served as a board member of the Comparative and International Education Society (2013-16) and as an associate editor of International Journal of Educational Development (2013-16). She has published widely in journals including Comparative Education Review, International Journal of Educational Development, Comparative Education, Progress in Development Studies and Critical Studies in Education.

Paul Glewwe

Paul Glewwe is one of the most widely published and cited economists working on the determinants of student learning, including household, social input, and pedagogical approach. He has been at the forefront of both the “education production function” approach and in using experimental methods (RCTs) to study the impact of education interventions. In addition, he has done extensive work on childhood nutrition and impact of early childhood factors on child development.

Other key researchers

Pedro Carneiro

Pedro Carneiro is a Professor of Economics at University College London, a Research Fellow at the Institute for Fiscal Studies, and a Research Fellow at the Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice. His research interests include labour economics, the economics of education, development economics, and microeconometrics. In the past he has examined issues such as the returns to education, human capital policy, and labour regulation in developing countries. He has studied poverty and education programs in several countries in Latin America, Africa and Eastern Europe. He has published papers in several prestigious journals such as the American Economic Review, Econometrica, the Journal of Political Economy, and the Quarterly Journal of Economics.

Hai-Anh Dang

Hai-Anh H. Dang is an Economist in the Poverty and Inequality Unit, Development Research Group, World Bank. His main research is on international development, education, labour, and poverty. Most recently, he has taken the lead in developing new methods to construct synthetic (pseudo) panel data from cross sectional household surveys that allow better estimates of poverty and welfare dynamics. He has been working as Principal Investigator on projects funded by agencies including the Hewlett Foundation, the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), and the World Bank. He has conducted research on various countries including Bangladesh, Egypt, India, Jordan, Lao PDR, Senegal, Vietnam, the United States, as well as cross-national studies.

He has published in journals such as Economic Development and Cultural Change, Economics of Education Review, European Journal of Political Economy, Journal of Development Economics, Review of Income and Wealth, and World Bank Economic Review. He has published a book on private tutoring in Vietnam and had chapters published by Cambridge and Oxford University Presses. He received his BA from Foreign Trade University, Vietnam and his PhD in Applied Economics from the University of Minnesota.

Le Thuc Duc

Le Thuc Duc has been a senior researcher and the Head of the Section for Economic Forecasts under the Centre for Analysis and Forecasting (CAF) since 2004. CAF is a policy-oriented institution member of Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences, which is a government agency completing research in social sciences. Since 2006, he has also worked as the Principal Investigator for Young Lives, Oxford University, UK and Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences, Hanoi. Within Young Lives, his research focuses on child nutrition, schooling and skill formation.

He studied mathematics in the former Soviet Union, where he also earned the Lower Doctorate degree in Mathematics. Following the economic reforms of Doi Moi, he was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship to study Development Economics at Williams College, Massachusetts, USA. He received his PhD in Economics at State University of New York. A native Vietnamese speaker, he is fluent in Russian and English.

Phung Duc Tung

Phung Duc Tung is currently the Institute Director at the Mekong Development Research Institute and has 18 years of experience working in development and poverty reduction. He holds a PhD in Economics from the Institute of Development and Agricultural Economics, Leibniz University of Hannover, Germany. He possesses a strong background in econometrics, impact evaluation, and survey design and implementation. His research areas focus on poverty reduction, education, socio-economic development for ethnic minorities, social welfare and vulnerability to poverty.

He is a lead sampling expert, having undertaken sampling and questionnaire design as well as survey implementation for numerous international and national large-scale surveys. Additionally, he has demonstrated excellent leadership through successfully leading multiple large-scale household and enterprise surveys, education and public opinion surveys, and impact evaluation projects for international agencies and line ministries that yield high-quality reports and sound research papers. Currently, he leads impact evaluation surveys of the Vietnam Escuela Nueva Project (VNEN).

His work has been published in international peer-reviewed journals such as the American Economic Journal: Applied Economics and World Development.

Sonya Krutikova

Sonya Krutikova is the Programme Director of the Centre for the Evaluation of Development Policies (EDePo) at the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS) and Research Associate at the Department of International Development (ODID), University of Oxford. She completed her PhD in Economics at the University of Oxford. Her research focuses on the determinants of skill acquisition among children and young people living in poverty, as well as more broadly the mechanisms through which childhood conditions manifest in child development and outcomes. She is currently exploring the role of home and school factors in explaining the evolution of gaps in cognitive skills and school attainment among children from poorer and better off backgrounds in developing countries. Within this agenda a key focus is on understanding how factors that explain evolution of gaps differ across different stages of childhood and adolescence. She has a number of projects focusing on the role of quality of home and centre-based child-care provision for development in early childhood, has been working with the Young Lives data to examine the evolution of socio-economic gaps in cognitive skills over the course of childhood and the factors that contribute to this, and is involved in a number of ongoing and pipeline projects looking at the impact of childhood poverty on marriage, fertility and employment choices of adolescents and young adults in developing and developed countries.

She has published papers in several peer-reviewed journals, including Economic Development and Cultural Change, Journal of Development Studies, Labour Economics and Oxford Review of Education.

Jonathan London

Jonathan D. London is an associate professor of global political economy at Leiden University in the Netherlands. He has previously held positions at the City University of Hong Kong and Nanyang Technological University. London’s research interests span the fields of comparative political economy, development studies, and the political economy of welfare and stratification. A leading scholar of Vietnam, London’s recent publications include Education in Vietnam (ISEAS 2011), Politics in Contemporary Vietnam (Palgrave 2014) and research articles in such journals as The Annual Review of Political Science, The Journal of Contemporary Asia, and Social Science and Medicine. London is editor of the forthcoming Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Vietnam and sole author of Welfare and Stratification in Marketizing Asia (Palgrave). Fluent in Vietnamese, London is author of the first and only Vietnamese language blog on Vietnamese politics written by a foreigner. He has served as an analyst for international organizations such as UNDP, UNICEF, and OXFAM. London holds a PhD in Sociology from the University of Wisconsin.

Caine Rolleston

Caine Rolleston is a senior lecturer in education and international development at University College London Institute of Education (UCL-IOE). He has worked on education and international development in a range of countries including Ghana, Vietnam, Ethiopia, Peru, India and Sri Lanka, and is currently Senior Education Associate for the Young Lives comparative international study of childhood poverty, based at the University of Oxford. For Young Lives, he leads the development of school surveys and research on school effectiveness. His research interests include issues in the economics of education in developing countries, educational access and equity, privatisation, learning metrics and trajectories, longitudinal studies in education and development, cognitive and non-cognitive skills development and survey design.

Khoa Vu

Khoa Vu is a Research Assistant and a PhD student in the Department of Applied Economics at the University of Minnesota. He holds a Master's degree in Economics from Tufts University and a Bachelor's degree in Economics from the University of Minnesota. His current research focuses on understanding contemporaneous and historical factors of health and schooling outcomes in Vietnam. Khoa's previous research can be found in the Food Policy journal, NBER Working Papers Series, and WIDER Working Papers Series.